合约名称
POXToken

合约账户余额
26

交易笔数
17 txns

编译器版本
v0.4.24+commit.e67f0147

pragma solidity ^0.4.24;

/*
* Poexer.com is a real-time decentralized cryptocurrency exchange which allows you to trade Ethereum with POX tokens.
* Buy, Sell, or Transfer POX tokens, fees of your transaction is used to pay earnings to other users holding POX tokens.
* - The fee for Buying: 10%
* - The fee for Selling: 20%
* - The fee for Transfer: 10%
* Reinvest or Withdraw your Ethereum earnings back from the exchange contract. 
* Poexer Referral Program: Log in to get your invitation link and share it with your friends!
* Invite your friends to trade on Poexer.com, and you will receive up to 40% of the buy-in-fees they would otherwise pay to the contract, in ETH, in real-time!
* References: POWH3D contract.
*/

contract POXToken {
    /*=================================
    =            MODIFIERS            =
    =================================*/
    // only people with tokens
    modifier onlyBagholders() {
        require(myTokens() > 0);
        _;
    }
    
    // only people with profits
    modifier onlyStronghands() {
        require(myDividends(true) > 0);
        _;
    }
    
    // administrators can:
    // -> change the name of the contract
    // -> change the name of the token
    // -> set new administrator
    // -> change the PoS difficulty (How many tokens it costs to hold a referral, in case it gets crazy high later)
    // they CANNOT:
    // -> take funds
    // -> disable withdrawals
    // -> kill the contract
    // -> change the price of tokens
    modifier onlyAdministrator(){
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        require(administrators[(_customerAddress)]);
        _;
    }
    
    
    // ensures that the first tokens in the contract will be equally distributed
    // meaning, no divine dump will be ever possible
    // result: healthy longevity.
    modifier antiEarlyWhale(uint256 _amountOfEthereum){
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        
        // are we still in the vulnerable phase?
        // if so, enact anti early whale protocol 
        if( onlyAmbassadors && ((totalEthereumBalance() - _amountOfEthereum) <= ambassadorQuota_ )){
            require(
                // is the customer in the ambassador list?
                ambassadors_[_customerAddress] == true &&
                
                // does the customer purchase exceed the max ambassador quota?
                (ambassadorAccumulatedQuota_[_customerAddress] + _amountOfEthereum) <= ambassadorMaxPurchase_
                
            );
            
            // updated the accumulated quota    
            ambassadorAccumulatedQuota_[_customerAddress] = SafeMath.add(ambassadorAccumulatedQuota_[_customerAddress], _amountOfEthereum);
        
            // execute
            _;
        } else {
            // in case the ether count drops low, the ambassador phase won't reinitiate
            onlyAmbassadors = false;
            _;    
        }
        
    }
    
    
    /*==============================
    =            EVENTS            =
    ==============================*/
    event onTokenPurchase(
        address indexed customerAddress,
        uint256 incomingEthereum,
        uint256 tokensMinted,
        address indexed referredBy
    );
    
    event onTokenSell(
        address indexed customerAddress,
        uint256 tokensBurned,
        uint256 ethereumEarned
    );
    
    event onReinvestment(
        address indexed customerAddress,
        uint256 ethereumReinvested,
        uint256 tokensMinted
    );
    
    event onWithdraw(
        address indexed customerAddress,
        uint256 ethereumWithdrawn
    );
    
    // ERC20
    event Transfer(
        address indexed from,
        address indexed to,
        uint256 tokens
    );
    
    
    /*=====================================
    =            CONFIGURABLES            =
    =====================================*/
    string public name = "POXToken";
    string public symbol = "POX";
    uint8 constant public decimals = 18;
    uint8 constant internal buyFee_ = 10;
    uint8 constant internal sellFee_ = 5;
    uint8 constant internal exchangebuyFee_ = 100;
    uint8 constant internal exchangesellFee_ = 50;
    uint8 constant internal referralFeenormal_ = 50;
    uint8 constant internal referralFeedouble_ = 25;
    uint8 constant internal transferFee_ = 10;
    uint32 constant internal presaletransferFee_ = 1000000;
    uint256 constant internal tokenPriceInitial_ = 0.0000001 ether;
    uint256 constant internal tokenPriceIncremental_ = 0.00000001 ether;
    uint256 constant internal magnitude = 2**64;
    
    // proof of stake Doubles Referral Rewards (defaults at 500 tokens)
    uint256 public stakingRequirement = 500e18;
    
    // presale
    mapping(address => bool) internal ambassadors_;
    uint256 constant internal ambassadorMaxPurchase_ = 1000 ether;
    uint256 constant internal ambassadorQuota_ = 1010 ether;
    
    
    
   /*================================
    =            DATASETS            =
    ================================*/
    // amount of shares for each address (scaled number)
    mapping(address => uint256) internal tokenBalanceLedger_;
    mapping(address => uint256) internal referralBalance_;
    mapping(address => int256) internal payoutsTo_;
    mapping(address => uint256) internal ambassadorAccumulatedQuota_;
    uint256 internal tokenSupply_ = 0;
    uint256 internal profitPerShare_;
    
    // administrator list (see above on what they can do)
    mapping(address => bool) public administrators;
    
    // when this is set to true, only ambassadors can purchase tokens (this prevents a whale premine, it ensures a fairly distributed upper pyramid)
    bool public onlyAmbassadors = true;
    
    // fees and measurement error address
    address private exchangefees;
    address private measurement;



    /*=======================================
    =            PUBLIC FUNCTIONS            =
    =======================================*/
    /*
    * -- APPLICATION ENTRY POINTS --  
    */
    function POXToken(address _exchangefees, address _measurement)
        public
    {
        require(_exchangefees != address(0));
        exchangefees = _exchangefees;
        
        require(_measurement != address(0));
        measurement = _measurement;
        
        // administrators
        administrators[0x8889885f4a4800abC7F32aC661765cd1FAaC7D49] = true;
        
        // pre-sale wallet. 
        ambassadors_[0xA7A1d05b15de7d5C0a8A27dDD3B011Ec366D6bB9] = true;
        
    }
    
     
    /**
     * Converts all incoming ethereum to tokens for the caller, and passes down the referral addy (if any)
     */
    function buy(address _referredBy)
        public
        payable
        returns(uint256)
    {
        purchaseTokens(msg.value, _referredBy);
    }
    
    /**
     * Fallback function to handle ethereum that was send straight to the contract
     * Unfortunately we cannot use a referral address this way.
     */
    function()
        payable
        public
    {
        purchaseTokens(msg.value, 0x0);
    }
    
    /**
     * Converts all of caller's dividends to tokens.
     */
    function reinvest()
        onlyStronghands()
        public
    {
        // fetch dividends
        uint256 _dividends = myDividends(false); // retrieve ref. bonus later in the code
        
        // pay out the dividends virtually
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        payoutsTo_[_customerAddress] +=  (int256) (_dividends * magnitude);
        
        // retrieve ref. bonus
        _dividends += referralBalance_[_customerAddress];
        referralBalance_[_customerAddress] = 0;
        
        // dispatch a buy order with the virtualized "withdrawn dividends"
        uint256 _tokens = purchaseTokens(_dividends, 0x0);
        
        // fire event
        onReinvestment(_customerAddress, _dividends, _tokens);
    }
    
    /**
     * Alias of sell() and withdraw().
     */
    function exit()
        public
    {
        // get token count for caller & sell them all
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        uint256 _tokens = tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress];
        if(_tokens > 0) sell(_tokens);
        
        // lambo delivery service
        withdraw();
    }

    /**
     * Withdraws all of the callers earnings.
     */
    function withdraw()
        onlyStronghands()
        public
    {
        // setup data
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        uint256 _dividends = myDividends(false); // get ref. bonus later in the code
        
        // update dividend tracker
        payoutsTo_[_customerAddress] +=  (int256) (_dividends * magnitude);
        
        // add ref. bonus
        _dividends += referralBalance_[_customerAddress];
        referralBalance_[_customerAddress] = 0;
        
        // lambo delivery service
        _customerAddress.transfer(_dividends);
        
        // fire event
        onWithdraw(_customerAddress, _dividends);
    }
    
    /**
     * Liquifies tokens to ethereum.
     */
    function sell(uint256 _amountOfTokens)
        onlyBagholders()
        public
    {
        // setup data
        // low fees for presale
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        require(_amountOfTokens <= tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress]);
        uint256 _tokens = _amountOfTokens;
        uint256 _ethereum = tokensToEthereum_(_tokens);
        uint256 _feesEthereum = SafeMath.div(_ethereum, exchangesellFee_);
        uint256 _sellfeeEthereum = SafeMath.div(_ethereum, sellFee_);
        if (ambassadors_[_customerAddress] == true) {
            _sellfeeEthereum = SafeMath.div(_ethereum, exchangesellFee_);
        }
        uint256 _dividends = SafeMath.sub(_sellfeeEthereum, _feesEthereum);
        uint256 _taxedEthereum = SafeMath.sub(_ethereum, _sellfeeEthereum);
        
        // fees and burn the sold tokens
        exchangefees.transfer(_feesEthereum);
        tokenSupply_ = SafeMath.sub(tokenSupply_, _tokens);
        tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress] = SafeMath.sub(tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress], _tokens);
        
        // update dividends tracker
        int256 _updatedPayouts = (int256) (profitPerShare_ * _tokens + (_taxedEthereum * magnitude));
        payoutsTo_[_customerAddress] -= _updatedPayouts;       
        
        // dividing by zero is a bad idea
        if (tokenSupply_ > 0) {
            // update the amount of dividends per token and measurement error
            profitPerShare_ = SafeMath.add(profitPerShare_, (_dividends * magnitude) / tokenSupply_);
            payoutsTo_[measurement] -= (int256) (SafeMath.sub((_dividends * magnitude), SafeMath.div((_dividends * magnitude), tokenSupply_) * tokenSupply_));
        }
        
        // fire event
        onTokenSell(_customerAddress, _tokens, _taxedEthereum);
    }
    
    
    /**
     * Transfer tokens from the caller to a new holder.
     * Remember, there's a 10% fee here as well.
     */
    function transfer(address _toAddress, uint256 _amountOfTokens)
        onlyBagholders()
        public
        returns(bool)
    {
        // setup
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        
        // make sure we have the requested tokens
        // also disables transfers until ambassador phase is over
        // ( we dont want whale premines )
        require(!onlyAmbassadors && _amountOfTokens <= tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress]);
        
        // withdraw all outstanding dividends first
        if(myDividends(true) > 0) withdraw();
        
        // liquify 10% of the tokens that are transfered
        // these are dispersed to shareholders
        // low fees for presale 
        uint256 _tokenFee = SafeMath.div(_amountOfTokens, transferFee_);
        if (ambassadors_[_customerAddress] == true) {
            _tokenFee = SafeMath.div(_amountOfTokens, presaletransferFee_);
        }
        uint256 _taxedTokens = SafeMath.sub(_amountOfTokens, _tokenFee);
        uint256 _feesEthereum = SafeMath.div(tokensToEthereum_(_tokenFee), exchangebuyFee_);
        uint256 _dividends = SafeMath.sub(tokensToEthereum_(_tokenFee), _feesEthereum);
  
        // fees and burn the fee tokens
        exchangefees.transfer(_feesEthereum);
        tokenSupply_ = SafeMath.sub(tokenSupply_, _tokenFee);

        // exchange tokens
        tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress] = SafeMath.sub(tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress], _amountOfTokens);
        tokenBalanceLedger_[_toAddress] = SafeMath.add(tokenBalanceLedger_[_toAddress], _taxedTokens);
        
        // update dividend trackers
        payoutsTo_[_customerAddress] -= (int256) (profitPerShare_ * _amountOfTokens);
        payoutsTo_[_toAddress] += (int256) (profitPerShare_ * _taxedTokens);
        
        // disperse dividends among holders and measurement error
        profitPerShare_ = SafeMath.add(profitPerShare_, (_dividends * magnitude) / tokenSupply_);
        payoutsTo_[measurement] -= (int256) (SafeMath.sub((_dividends * magnitude), SafeMath.div((_dividends * magnitude), tokenSupply_) * tokenSupply_));
        
        // fire event
        Transfer(_customerAddress, _toAddress, _taxedTokens);
        
        // ERC20
        return true;
       
    }
    
    /*----------  ADMINISTRATOR ONLY FUNCTIONS  ----------*/
    /**
     * In case the amassador quota is not met, the administrator can manually disable the ambassador phase.
     */
    function disableInitialStage()
        onlyAdministrator()
        public
    {
        onlyAmbassadors = false;
    }
    
    /**
     * In case one of us dies, we need to replace ourselves.
     */
    function setAdministrator(address _identifier, bool _status)
        onlyAdministrator()
        public
    {
        administrators[_identifier] = _status;
    }
    
    /**
     * Precautionary measures in case we need to adjust the referral rate.
     */
    function setStakingRequirement(uint256 _amountOfTokens)
        onlyAdministrator()
        public
    {
        stakingRequirement = _amountOfTokens;
    }
    
    /**
     * If we want to rebrand, we can.
     */
    function setName(string _name)
        onlyAdministrator()
        public
    {
        name = _name;
    }
    
    /**
     * If we want to rebrand, we can.
     */
    function setSymbol(string _symbol)
        onlyAdministrator()
        public
    {
        symbol = _symbol;
    }

    
    /*----------  HELPERS AND CALCULATORS  ----------*/
    /**
     * Method to view the current Ethereum stored in the contract
     * Example: totalEthereumBalance()
     */
    function totalEthereumBalance()
        public
        view
        returns(uint)
    {
        return this.balance;
    }
    
    /**
     * Retrieve the total token supply.
     */
    function totalSupply()
        public
        view
        returns(uint256)
    {
        return tokenSupply_;
    }
    
    /**
     * Retrieve the tokens owned by the caller.
     */
    function myTokens()
        public
        view
        returns(uint256)
    {
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        return balanceOf(_customerAddress);
    }
    
    /**
     * Retrieve the dividends owned by the caller.
     * If `_includeReferralBonus` is to to 1/true, the referral bonus will be included in the calculations.
     * The reason for this, is that in the frontend, we will want to get the total divs (global + ref)
     * But in the internal calculations, we want them separate. 
     */ 
    function myDividends(bool _includeReferralBonus) 
        public 
        view 
        returns(uint256)
    {
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        return _includeReferralBonus ? dividendsOf(_customerAddress) + referralBalance_[_customerAddress] : dividendsOf(_customerAddress) ;
    }
    
    /**
     * Retrieve the token balance of any single address.
     */
    function balanceOf(address _customerAddress)
        view
        public
        returns(uint256)
    {
        return tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress];
    }
    
    /**
     * Retrieve the dividend balance of any single address.
     */
    function dividendsOf(address _customerAddress)
        view
        public
        returns(uint256)
    {
        return (uint256) ((int256)(profitPerShare_ * tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress]) - payoutsTo_[_customerAddress]) / magnitude;
    }
    
    /**
     * Return the buy price of 1 individual token.
     */
    function sellPrice() 
        public 
        view 
        returns(uint256)
    {
        // our calculation relies on the token supply, so we need supply. Doh.
        if(tokenSupply_ == 0){
            return tokenPriceInitial_ - tokenPriceIncremental_;
        } else {
            uint256 _ethereum = tokensToEthereum_(1e18);
            uint256 _dividends = SafeMath.div(_ethereum, sellFee_);
            uint256 _taxedEthereum = SafeMath.sub(_ethereum, _dividends);
            return _taxedEthereum;
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * Return the sell price of 1 individual token.
     */
    function buyPrice() 
        public 
        view 
        returns(uint256)
    {
        // our calculation relies on the token supply, so we need supply. Doh.
        if(tokenSupply_ == 0){
            return tokenPriceInitial_ + tokenPriceIncremental_;
        } else {
            uint256 _ethereum = tokensToEthereum_(1e18);
            uint256 _dividends = SafeMath.div(_ethereum, buyFee_);
            uint256 _taxedEthereum = SafeMath.add(_ethereum, _dividends);
            return _taxedEthereum;
        }
    }
    
    /**
     * Function for the frontend to dynamically retrieve the price scaling of buy orders.
     */
    function calculateTokensReceived(uint256 _ethereumToSpend) 
        public 
        view 
        returns(uint256)
    {
        uint256 _dividends = SafeMath.div(_ethereumToSpend, buyFee_);
        uint256 _taxedEthereum = SafeMath.sub(_ethereumToSpend, _dividends);
        uint256 _amountOfTokens = ethereumToTokens_(_taxedEthereum);
        return _amountOfTokens;
    }
    
    /**
     * Function for the frontend to dynamically retrieve the price scaling of sell orders.
     */
    function calculateEthereumReceived(uint256 _tokensToSell) 
        public 
        view 
        returns(uint256)
    {
        require(_tokensToSell <= tokenSupply_);
        uint256 _ethereum = tokensToEthereum_(_tokensToSell);
        uint256 _dividends = SafeMath.div(_ethereum, sellFee_);
        uint256 _taxedEthereum = SafeMath.sub(_ethereum, _dividends);
        return _taxedEthereum;
    }
    
    
    /*==========================================
    =            INTERNAL FUNCTIONS            =
    ==========================================*/
    function purchaseTokens(uint256 _incomingEthereum, address _referredBy)
        antiEarlyWhale(_incomingEthereum)
        internal
        returns(uint256)
    {
        // data setup and fees
        address _customerAddress = msg.sender;
        uint256 _feesEthereum = SafeMath.div(_incomingEthereum, exchangebuyFee_);
        uint256 _referralBonus = SafeMath.div(_incomingEthereum, referralFeenormal_);
        
        // referral commission rewards to 40% for address that hold 500 POX or more
        if (tokenBalanceLedger_[_referredBy] >= stakingRequirement) {
            _referralBonus = SafeMath.div(_incomingEthereum, referralFeedouble_);
        }
        
        uint256 _dividends = SafeMath.sub((SafeMath.div(_incomingEthereum, buyFee_)), (SafeMath.add(_feesEthereum, _referralBonus)));
        uint256 _taxedEthereum = SafeMath.sub(_incomingEthereum, (SafeMath.div(_incomingEthereum, buyFee_)));
        uint256 _amountOfTokens = ethereumToTokens_(_taxedEthereum);
        uint256 _fee = _dividends * magnitude;
        exchangefees.transfer(_feesEthereum);
    
        // prevents overflow in the case that the pyramid somehow magically starts being used by everyone in the world
        require(_amountOfTokens > 0 && (SafeMath.add(_amountOfTokens,tokenSupply_) > tokenSupply_));
        
        // is the user referred by a referral?
        if(
            // is this a referred purchase?
            _referredBy != 0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 &&

            // no cheating!
            _referredBy != _customerAddress
        ){
            // wealth redistribution
            referralBalance_[_referredBy] = SafeMath.add(referralBalance_[_referredBy], _referralBonus);
        } else {
            // no ref purchase
            // add the referral bonus back to the global dividends cake
            _dividends = SafeMath.add(_dividends, _referralBonus);
            _fee = _dividends * magnitude;
        }
        
        // we can't give people infinite ethereum
        if(tokenSupply_ > 0){
            
            // add tokens to the pool
            tokenSupply_ = SafeMath.add(tokenSupply_, _amountOfTokens);
 
            // take the amount of dividends gained through this transaction, and allocates them evenly to each shareholder
            // measurement error
            profitPerShare_ += (_dividends * magnitude / (tokenSupply_));
            payoutsTo_[measurement] -= (int256) (SafeMath.sub((_dividends * magnitude), SafeMath.div((_dividends * magnitude), tokenSupply_) * tokenSupply_));
            
            // calculate the amount of tokens the customer receives over his purchase 
            _fee = _fee - (_fee-(_amountOfTokens * (_dividends * magnitude / (tokenSupply_))));
        
        } else {
            // add tokens to the pool
            tokenSupply_ = _amountOfTokens;
        }
        
        // measurement error
        payoutsTo_[measurement] -= (int256) (SafeMath.sub(SafeMath.sub(_taxedEthereum, SafeMath.div(_taxedEthereum, sellFee_)), SafeMath.sub(tokensToEthereum_(_amountOfTokens), SafeMath.div(tokensToEthereum_(_amountOfTokens), sellFee_)))  * magnitude);
        
        // update circulating supply & the ledger address for the customer
        tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress] = SafeMath.add(tokenBalanceLedger_[_customerAddress], _amountOfTokens);
        
        // Tells the contract that the buyer doesn't deserve dividends for the tokens before they owned them;
        //really i know you think you do but you don't
        int256 _updatedPayouts = (int256) ((profitPerShare_ * _amountOfTokens) - _fee);
        payoutsTo_[_customerAddress] += _updatedPayouts;
        
        // fire event
        onTokenPurchase(_customerAddress, _incomingEthereum, _amountOfTokens, _referredBy);
        
        return _amountOfTokens;
    }

    /**
     * Calculate Token price based on an amount of incoming ethereum
     * It's an algorithm, hopefully we gave you the whitepaper with it in scientific notation;
     * Some conversions occurred to prevent decimal errors or underflows / overflows in solidity code.
     */
    function ethereumToTokens_(uint256 _ethereum)
        internal
        view
        returns(uint256)
    {
        uint256 _tokenPriceInitial = tokenPriceInitial_ * 1e18;
        uint256 _tokensReceived = 
         (
            (
                // underflow attempts BTFO
                SafeMath.sub(
                    (sqrt
                        (
                            (_tokenPriceInitial**2)
                            +
                            (2*(tokenPriceIncremental_ * 1e18)*(_ethereum * 1e18))
                            +
                            (((tokenPriceIncremental_)**2)*(tokenSupply_**2))
                            +
                            (2*(tokenPriceIncremental_)*_tokenPriceInitial*tokenSupply_)
                        )
                    ), _tokenPriceInitial
                )
            )/(tokenPriceIncremental_)
        )-(tokenSupply_)
        ;
  
        return _tokensReceived;
    }
    
    /**
     * Calculate token sell value.
     * It's an algorithm, hopefully we gave you the whitepaper 
     * with it in scientific notation;
     * Some conversions occurred to prevent decimal errors or underflows / overflows in solidity code.
     */
     function tokensToEthereum_(uint256 _tokens)
        internal
        view
        returns(uint256)
    {

        uint256 tokens_ = (_tokens + 1e18);
        uint256 _tokenSupply = (tokenSupply_ + 1e18);
        uint256 _etherReceived =
        (
            // underflow attempts BTFO
            SafeMath.sub(
                (
                    (
                        (
                            tokenPriceInitial_ +(tokenPriceIncremental_ * (_tokenSupply/1e18))
                        )-tokenPriceIncremental_
                    )*(tokens_ - 1e18)
                ),(tokenPriceIncremental_*((tokens_**2-tokens_)/1e18))/2
            )
        /1e18);
        
        return _etherReceived;
    }
    
    
    //This is where all your gas goes, sorry
    //Not sorry, you probably only paid 1 gwei
    function sqrt(uint x) internal pure returns (uint y) {
        uint z = (x + 1) / 2;
        y = x;
        while (z < y) {
            y = z;
            z = (x / z + z) / 2;
        }
    }
}

/**
 * @title SafeMath
 * @dev Math operations with safety checks that throw on error
 */
library SafeMath {

    /**
    * @dev Multiplies two numbers, throws on overflow.
    */
    function mul(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        if (a == 0) {
            return 0;
        }
        uint256 c = a * b;
        assert(c / a == b);
        return c;
    }

    /**
    * @dev Integer division of two numbers, truncating the quotient.
    */
    function div(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        // assert(b > 0); // Solidity automatically throws when dividing by 0
        uint256 c = a / b;
        // assert(a == b * c + a % b); // There is no case in which this doesn't hold
        return c;
    }

    /**
    * @dev Substracts two numbers, throws on overflow (i.e. if subtrahend is greater than minuend).
    */
    function sub(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        assert(b <= a);
        return a - b;
    }

    /**
    * @dev Adds two numbers, throws on overflow.
    */
    function add(uint256 a, uint256 b) internal pure returns (uint256) {
        uint256 c = a + b;
        assert(c >= a);
        return c;
    }
}
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